UK Home Office Abuses against LGBT Asylum Seekers Highlighted in New Report

  • Home Office accuses LGBT church-goers of contradiction.
  • Ban on working and financial destitution forcing LGBT people in need of refugee protection to become dependent upon homophobic acquaintances.
  • Asylum process creating ‘Catch 22s’: LGBT people who don’t know they can claim asylum are then penalised for delays in submitting their applications.

A new report has found that the Home Office is using religion, dependency on homophobic friends and family, or not knowing that sexual orientation and gender identity are grounds for claiming asylum against LGBT people seeking refugee protection.

Between 2017 and 2019 MCC North London commissioned a research project, funded by the Big Lottery Fund, looking at the issues facing LGBT African asylum seekers.  The findings of that report cover many different types of issues faced by asylum seekers such as those who attend MCC North London, including issues related to faith, racism, financial and housing difficulties, emotional and psychological difficulties, and many aspects of the asylum application process itself, to include and some ‘catch 22s’ caused by the Home Office. The research and report were also supported by the Enfield LGBT Network and the UK Lesbian and Gay Immigration Group.
The report is the result of interviews with 33 LGBT African asylum seekers over the last two years, asking them about the difficulties they face in relation to the asylum application process and their lives as asylum seekers in the UK. The research was led and report written by Jordan Dyck, Ph.D., project supervised by Rev. Shanon Ferguson, Ph.D. (cand.), interviews conducted by Jordan Dyck, Florence Kobutetsi, Mathias Wasswa and one other volunteer and interviews transcribed by Jordan Dyck, Florence Kobutetsi and Jen Ferguson.

The Home Office is asking LGBT people seeking asylum to explain how they can be Christian. Questions are asked around religious scriptures, and the Home Office is challenging LGBT people on their interpretations of the Bible.

Typical questions include, ‘How can you be lesbian and Christian?’, ‘Isn’t the Bible against being gay?’ and ‘Don’t you think you’re contradicting yourself?’.

The report has also found that the government ban on people working if they are seeking asylum, and the restricted financial and housing support available, is forcing LGBT people to stay with homophobic people they know instead. As a result, they hide their sexuality from those around them, which in turn affects their chances of the Home Office believing that they are LGBT. Being forced to hide an important aspect of their lives can also cause LGBT people to experience anxiety and depression that lasts for the entire duration of the asylum process, which can take months or years: they cannot be out to those they see most often, and constantly worry that if their hosts discover that they are applying for asylum because they are LGBT, they might be made homeless.

One person in the report explains how not being able to come out to his family, whom he was living with, meant he was too afraid to apply for asylum in the first place, and then lacked evidence to support his claim:

‘‘In the application process, in my case, everything that I was doing I was doing it in secret, so I got to a point that Home Office is asking me ‘Where’s the proof?’ and it’s very difficult for me to come out with proof, because I’m doing this in a way that my [family members] will not find out who I am…I don’t have the right to work. So if these people kick me out, where am I going? So, that was the reason why it took me a long time for me to come out [as] who I am”.

The new report also catalogues the experiences of many LGBT people who waited for a long time before claiming asylum because they did not know refugee protection could be available to them, and who felt that the Home Office held this fact against them. One LGBT person explains that not knowing sooner that they could apply for asylum ‘came back to bite me’.

The report describes a terrifying experience for LGBT people in their dealings with the Home Office. Another person is quoted in the report as saying,

‘The Home Office makes me shiver. They make me tremble. Entering that Home Office is like entering the lion’s mouth’.

The Metropolitan Community Church of North London, that commissioned the research, has been providing a faith community to support LGBT people fleeing persecution so they can be themselves.

Researcher Florence Kobutetsi said,

“Having come to a foreign place as an asylum seeker for relief from the risk to my life was traumatic enough.  But through rigorous drilling and disbelief, especially during the interview process, the Home Office reminded me of how difficult it is to be an African LGBT person, treated like a curse”.

Lead researcher Jordan Dyck said,

“Conducting this research left me amazed at the extent to which faith interacts with many LGBT Africans’ experiences in the asylum application process, on top of all the issues they face. It is deeply related to their experiences of homophobia both back home and in the UK, and often negatively impacts the success of their asylum claims in a potentially shocking number of ways, both directly and indirectly.  It comes on top of prejudice they face as Black people in the UK, as well as the hostility many British people feel towards asylum seekers and refugees. I hope this report can shed some light on the issues faced by LGBT African asylum seekers in the UK, and the ways those issues interact with each other”.

Rev. Jak Davis, Intentional Interim Minister at MCC North London, said,

“It is fundamentally wrong to assume that LGBT+ people cannot have or practice a faith.  It is equally wrong to expect them to present detailed knowledge and analysis of scriptures that most people of faith, without a background in theological study, would struggle to do. The research findings are extremely concerning. LGBT+ people in need of refuge and protection are some of the most vulnerable people in our society and it is imperative that they are afforded protection and safety, to be who they are and who God made them to be, while they go through the asylum process and after it ends”.

The findings resonate with those made by the UK Lesbian and Gay Immigration Group last year.

Leila Zadeh, Executive Director of UKLGIG, said,

“The Home Office needs to stop assuming that LGBTQI+ people cannot be religious or that they experience a conflict with their religion. They also need to stop using lack of knowledge of the possibility of claiming asylum as an LGBTQI+ person as a reason for refusing to grant refugee protection”.

Remarks by Melanie Nathan, African HRC:

I provide country conditions reports for UK Courts as an expert witness –  I have borne witness to much of these findings and circumstances. I have seen people get deported who should not have been deported. I have seen Judges rely on extremely flimsy non-evidence – mere speculation – as grounds to deport. The UK really needs to take a hard look at its abusive practices and its apparent racist asylum system!


Advocacy: African Human Rights Coalition
Speaker: Melnathan
Mediation: Private Courts
Follow me on Twitter – @MelanieNathan1
Instagram: @commissionermelnathan

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